Nymphalis polychloros, Grevena - photo © Xristos Dimadis
Nymphalis polychloros is a butterfly of the family Nymphalidae on the island of Crete, Greece.
Nymphalis polychloros (Linnaeus, 1758)
Family: Nymphalidae > Subfamily: Heliconiinae > Tribus: Argynnini > Genus: Argynnis
Male to female: 50-60 mm
There is no sexual dimorphism; males and females have a similar appearance. The wings are orange to red-colored with black and yellow patches.
Both wings on the upper side appear yellowish shades between the black marks and near the external margin in the postdiscal area and a black band in the submarginal area.
The underside of the wings is smoky brown, almost black in basal and discal areas with darker shades, black transverse penciling, and a row of blue marks in the submarginal area.
Adults hibernate from November to December, in cavities of ground and trees. It has a very strong flight.
Nymphalis polychloros in Crete live in forest edges, forest paths, glades, orchards, meadows, riverbanks, fields with light vegetation, and olive groves.
The larva feeds on Rosaceae, Salicaceae, and Ulmaceae plants.
The butterfly flies in one generation per year.
The Large Tortoiseshell has a unique appearance in Crete and can’t be confused with any other butterflies of the island.
Least Concern (LC)