Pararge aegeria - photo © K. Bormpoudaki

Pararge aegeria, Crete - photo © K. Bormpoudaki

Pararge aegeria


Pararge aegeria is a butterfly of the family Nymphalidae on the island of Crete, Greece.

Scientific name

Pararge aegeria (Linnaeus, 1758)

Common name

Speckled Wood


Family: Nymphalidae > Subfamily: Satyrinae > Tribus: Satyrini > Genus: Pararge


Male to female: 40-45 mm

Males and females have a similar appearance.
On the forewing, the upperside is brown colored; there are several yellow markings that form a characteristic pattern and an eyespot. The underside is similar but light brown colored.
Both upperside of the wings are generally similar; there are just a few more eyespots on the hindwing. The underside of the hindwing is yellow-brown with brown-margined white marks in the postdiscal area.

It flies in shadier habitats than most other Cretan butterflies and is commonly active on dull overcast days when other species refuse to fly. Overnight and in dull, cold, or wet weather the butterflies roost in bushes.


Pararge aegeria in Crete lives in dense shrubland, deciduous forests, forest paths, and glades.

Food plant

The larva feeds on Poaceae plants.

Flight Period

The butterfly flies in 2-3 generations per year.

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

The Speckled Wood has a unique appearance in Crete and can’t be confused with any other butterflies of the island.


Least Concern (LC)

(*European Red List of Butterflies, 2010)

Pararge Aegeria Distribution Map

*based on

Pararge aegeria location map based on greek butterflies distributions map by L.N. Pamperis (revised 2021)