Iphiclides podalirius, Crete - photo © Ch. Almpantakis
Iphiclides podalirius is a butterfly of the family Papilionidae on the island of Crete, Greece.
Iphiclides podalirius (Linnaeus, 1758)
Family: Papilionidae> Subfamily: Papilioninae > Tribus: Leptocircini > Genus: Iphiclides
Male to female: 70-80 mm
It is a very large distinctive butterfly. Males and females are slightly different in size.
The general background color of the wings is creamy yellow to pale yellow or white. On the front wings, there are six parallel tiger stripes and wedge-shaped markings.
At the outer edge of the hind wings, there are blue crescent markings, with an oblong, orange spot at the back corner and a relatively long white-tipped tail on the hindwing.
It flies slower than Papilio Machaon. The colors of the wings are used for protection against enemies.
Iphiclides podalirius in Crete can be found in gardens, glades, orchards, rocks, sunny grassy slopes, near cultivated or wild fruit trees, from seaside to mountains.
The larva lives on Rosaceae plants.
The butterfly flies in 2-3 generations per year.
The butterfly has a unique appearance in Crete and can’t be confused with other butterflies of the island. Along with Papilio Machaon are the largest butterflies flying on the island.
Least Concern (LC)
Iphiclides Podalirius Distribution Map
Iphiclides podalirius location map based on greek butterflies distributions map by L.N. Pamperis (revised 2021)