Freyeria trochylus, Attica - photo © Sofia Apergi
Freyeria trochylus is a butterfly of the family Lycaenidae on the island of Crete, Greece.
Freyeria trochylus (Freyer, 1845)
Family: Lycaenidae > Subfamily: Polyommatinae > Tribus: Polyommatini > Genus: Freyeria
Male to female: 16-20 mm
Males and females have a similar appearance. The butterfly has a dull brown color upper side and a light brown-grey underside.
On the hindwing, upperside there are orange and black marks in the postdiscal area and several small black marks in the underside basal area. There are also several white spots spread all over the underside of the hindwing.
It flies low to the ground with very short flights. The butterfly is so small, almost invisible.
Freyeria trochylus in Crete lives in hot, rocky areas, light shrubland, seaside, and wet clearings.
The larva feeds on Euphorbiaceae (Andrachne telephioides), Boraginaceae (Heliotropium) plants.
The butterfly flies in 2-3 generations per year.
It is the smallest butterfly in Greece. Grass Jewel has a unique appearance in Crete due to its petit size and can’t be confused with other butterflies of the island. It has a limited distribution on the island.
Least Concern (LC)
Freyeria Trochylus Distribution Map
Freyeria trochylus location map based on greek butterflies distributions maps by L.N. Pamperis (revised 2021)