Epicalimma icterinella, Crete - photo © Κ. Bormpoudaki
The Family Oecophoridae (Concealer Moths)
The Family Oecophoridae
The family Oecophoridae (Concealer moths) is a large family of small moths in the superfamily Gelechioidea. The circumscription of the Oecophoridae is strongly affected until now by the not fully unsolved phylogeny and systematics of gelechoid moths.
Adults are very small to medium-sized, with wingspans ranging from 3-30 mm. In general, the European Oecophoridae are small with forewing expansion of 9-30 mm. Moths have smooth-scaled heads and broad hindwings and the outer edge below the apex of the wings is never concave.
Many concealer moths have been put to useful service in an attempt to control harmful plants and insects. Larvae usually feed concealed in webs or in rolled leaves of the host plant. They have diverse feeding habits with some feeding mainly on dead plant tissue decomposing animals, or decaying fungi and others on fruits and flowers. Pupation occurs in the larval shelters, on the ground, or below its surface.
The following species are representative species of the Oecophoridae moths that have been photographed on the island of Crete. You can obtain more information about each species, by selecting the relative species icon. The list of Oecophoridae species is nondefinitive.