Phalonidia contractana, Crete - photo © K. Bormpoudaki
The Family Tortricidae (Tortricid Moths)
The Family Tortricidae
The family Tortricidae (Tortricid moths or Leafroller moths) is a large family of moths and member of the superfamily Tortricoidea with over 11,000 species described in three subfamilies: Chlidanotinae, Tortricinae, and Olethreutinae. Many of these are economically important pests.
Tortricid moths are generally small, with a wingspan <3 cm. Many species are drab and have mottled and marbled brown colors, but some diurnal species are brightly colored and mimic other moths of the families Geometridae and Pyralidae. At rest, wings are held like a flattened roof, giving the resemblance of an arrowhead.
Larvae in the subfamilies Chlidanotinae and Olethreutinae usually feed by boring into stems, roots, buds, or seeds. Larvae in the subfamily Tortricinae, however, feed externally and construct leaf rolls. Larvae in the subfamily Tortricinae tend to be more polyphagous than those in Chlidanotinae and Olethreutinae. Tortricinae also possess an anal fork for flicking excrement away from their shelters.
The following species are representative species of the Tortricidae moths that have been photographed on the island of Crete. You can obtain more information about each species, by selecting the relative species icon. The list of Tortricidae species is nondefinitive.
List of Tortricidae species in Crete